Learning style among medical students in Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2013 /

Background: Every students possess different learning style from each other. This study use VARK questionnaire where learning style are divided into four major groups which are visual learners that learn through flow diagram and pictures, auditory learners that learn through listening and speech, re...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Fatimah Az Zaharah Yusoff.
Format: Thesis Book
Language:English
Published: 2013.
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246 3 0 |a Gaya pembelajaran dalam kalangan pelajar perubatan di Fakulti Perubatan dan Sains Kesihatan, Universiti Putra Malaysia pada tahun 2013. 
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500 |a A second year ( Package 11) project dissertation. 
502 |a Project paper (Doctor of Medicine (MD)) - Universiti Putra Malaysia, 2013. 
520 |a Background: Every students possess different learning style from each other. This study use VARK questionnaire where learning style are divided into four major groups which are visual learners that learn through flow diagram and pictures, auditory learners that learn through listening and speech, read and write learners that learn best through reading text book and jot down the notes and kinesthetic learners that learn from touch, hearing, smell, taste, and sight. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the learning style preferences of medical students in Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia and its association with gender, age, ethnicity and year of study. Methods: The study design is a cross sectional study with systematic sampling method. The setting is students that are in medical course in 2013. We administered the VARK questionnaire to 213 of the students (n=213) out of 500 medical student after calculating the sample size which was 211. The questionnaire consists of 16 real life questions which identify four different learning modes which is visual, aural, read and write or kinesthetic. Results: The response rate was 100%. Majority of the students (70.4%) preferred multimodal learning preference over single mode. Only 29.6% of the students preferred the single mode. The most preferable single mode was kinesthetic with 34.9%, which also applicable to both male (10.3%) and female (12.5%) students. For multiple mode, the most preferable mode was quadmodal which comprises the whole VARK modes with 27.2%. it is then followed by bimodal (22.5%) mode and lastly trimodal (20.2%) mode. According to the year of study, 4th year males (20.7%) prefer kinesthetic more than female. While within 5th year students, females (13.8%) prefer kinesthetic mode better than male. In the end, there was no significant association between learning style preferences with factors studied, which are gender, age, ethnicity and year of study where all the P values for each factor are more than 0.05 (P>0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study can provide a useful information for the students and teacher to acknowledge their learning preferences while improving the quality of the teaching and learning experiences of students. However, there were no statistically significant difference between gender, age, ethnicity and year of study with learning style of the medical students. Keywords: Learning Style, VARK Questionnaire, visual, auditory, read/write, kinesthetic; learning modes. 
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