Relationship between knowledge, attitude and practices regarding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among teachers /

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been identified as the principal cause of admissions and deaths in government hospitals in Malaysia. The main objective of the study was to determine the relationship between the levels of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding CVD risk factors among teachers ag...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Norshafawati Abd. Azimi
Format: Thesis Book
Language:English
Published: 2010.
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Summary:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been identified as the principal cause of admissions and deaths in government hospitals in Malaysia. The main objective of the study was to determine the relationship between the levels of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding CVD risk factors among teachers aged 30 years-old and above in Puchong, Selangor. This was a cross-sectional study involving teachers from two primary schools and two secondary schools through cluster sampling method. Data were collected by self-reporting and face-to-face interview. The structured questionnaire included sociodemographic background, knowledge and attitude questions, smoking habits, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), modified stress scale questionnaire, 24-Hour-dietary recall, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Anthropometric measurements were taken using TANITA Digital Weighing Scale, SECA Body Meter and a measuring tape. Blood pressure was measured using an OMRON Digital Blood Pressure Monitor. Nutritionist Pro software was used to analyze 24 hour dietary recall. Other data were analysed using SPSS version 15.0. There were 11.6% male subjects and 88.4% female subjects. Their mean age was 38.18 ± 6.87 years. There were 56.8% Malays, 20.0% Chinese, 19.0% Indians and 4.2% from other ethnicity. Majority (94.7%) were married and 73.7% had degree in education. Mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 24.99± 4.48 kg/m². Mean waist circumference was 80.86 ± 11.77 cm. There were 12.6% of the subjects with BMI ≥ 30.0 and 47.4% had increased-risk of abdominal obesity. About 22.1% o f them had hypertension and 7.4% had severe stress rate. There were 2.1% who were current smokers, 5.3% were exsmokers and 92.6% were non-smokers with 63.6% had been exposed to passive smoke. Mean energy intake was 1607.88±582.34 kcal per day which is below the RNI level. A total of 78.9% of subjects exceeded the American Heart Association daily reconimendation for fat intake, 82.1% recommendation for saturated fat intake, and 15.8% for cholesterol intake respectively. A total of 62.1% of the subjects had high physical activity level. There were 11.6% of subjects with no CVD risk factor, 23.2% with one, 20.0% with two, 29.5% with three and 15.8% with four or more CVD risk factors. All the subjects had high scores for knowledge (18.74±1.53) and a total of 95.8% o f them had positive attitude towards CVD risk factors. There were no significant relationship between level of knowledge, attitude and practices (physical activity, dietary intake, smoking habit) with the number of CVD risk factors (p>0.05). However, there were significant relationships between passive smoking, stress, BMI, waist circurnfcrence, systolic and diastolic blood pressures with number of CVD risk factors. In conclusion; positive practices may help to reduce the number of CVD risk factors among the subjects. Thus, intervention programs should be geared towards changing the practices of the subjects towards reducing the number of CVD risk factors amongst teachers.
Physical Description:112 leaves : ill. ; 30cm.