Comparison of parental influences, eating behaviours and dietary intake between normal weight and overweight or obese primary school children in Hulu Langat District, Selangor /
Parents are influential in developing positive health behaviour in children to prevent childhood obesity. However, the contribution of the father remains unclear because the mother is recruited into childhood obesity related studies for most of the time. Thus, there is a need to determine either the...
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|Summary:||Parents are influential in developing positive health behaviour in children to prevent childhood obesity. However, the contribution of the father remains unclear because the mother is recruited into childhood obesity related studies for most of the time. Thus, there is a need to determine either the influence of the father or mother or both on the body weight status of children. This study compares the parental influences, eating behaviours and dietary intake between normal weight (NW) and overweight or obese (OW/OB) primary school children. There were 419 children aged 10 to 11 years old from four randomly selected national primary schools participated in this study. Firstly, 419 children were screened for their BMI categories according to WHO Growth Reference 2007 to identify children who are OW/OB. Secondly, 105 OW/OB children were identified and matched for sex, age and ethnicity with 105 NW children to compare the difference in parental influences, eating behaviours and dietary intake between NW and OW/OB children, and both of their fathers and mothers were recruited as study subjects. The children completed the modified Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) and two-day 24-hour dietary recall. Their fathers and mothers self-reported their body weight and height, completed Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) and Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ). Among the 419 children being screened 3 out of 10 children (34.9%) were overweight and obese. After matching, there were more than half of the children who were female (53.3%) aged 11 years old (57.1%) and most of them were Malay (99.0%). Overweight or obese fathers (χ²=6.885, p<0.05) with indulgent or uninvolved parenting style (χ²=9.609, p<0.05) were more likely to have OW/OB children instead of NW children. Both fathers and mothers of OW/OB children perceived the body weight status of their children correctly (Father: t=-5.571, p<0.05; Mother: t=-5.593, p<0.05) and applied less pressure on their children to eat (Father: t=4.770, p<0.05; Mother: t=5.019, p<0.05) and fathers of OW/OB children perceived less feeding responsibility (t=2.024, p<0.05) and monitored less on the food their children ate (t=2.090, p<0.05). Weaker response to satiety (t=2.795, p<0.05) and more picky in food selection (t=-2.056, p<0.05) were found among OW/OB children instead of NW children. No significant difference in dietary intake between NW and OW/OB children. To conclude, both fathers and mothers play an important role in preventing childhood obesity. In order to have an effective intervention program to prevent childhood obesity, health care professionals should involve not only mothers, but fathers as well.|
|Physical Description:||88 leaves : ill. ; 30cm.|