Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial

Objective: If presented with serious mental illness (SMI), individuals’ low help-seeking behaviors and poor adherence to treatment are associated with negative stereotypes and attitudes of healthcare providers. In this study, we examined the effects of a brief psychoeducational program on reducing s...

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Main Authors: Fernandez, Aaron, Tan, Kit Aun, Knaak, Stephanie, Chew, Boon How, Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Springer 2016
Subjects:
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54079/1/Effects%20of%20brief%20psychoeducational%20program%20on%20stigma%20in%20Malaysian.pdf
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spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:54079 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54079/ Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial Fernandez, Aaron Tan, Kit Aun Knaak, Stephanie Chew, Boon How Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina Objective: If presented with serious mental illness (SMI), individuals’ low help-seeking behaviors and poor adherence to treatment are associated with negative stereotypes and attitudes of healthcare providers. In this study, we examined the effects of a brief psychoeducational program on reducing stigma in pre-clinical medical students. Methods: One hundred and two pre-clinical medical students (20–23 years old) were randomly assigned to face-to-face contact + educational lecture (n = 51) condition or video-based contact + educational lecture (n = 51) condition. Measures of pre-clinical medical students’ mental illness-related stigma using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) were administered at pre-, post-treatment, and 1-month follow-up. Results: A 2 (condition: face-to-face contact + educational lecture, video-based contact + educational lecture) by 3 (time: pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 1-month follow-up) mixed model MANOVA was conducted on the Attitudes, Disclosure and Help-Seeking, and Social Distance OMS-HC subscales. Participants’ scores on all subscales changed significantly across time, regardless of conditions. To determine how participants’ scores changed significantly over time on each subscale, Bonferroni follow-up comparisons were performed to access pairwise differences for the main effect of time. Specifically, pairwise comparisons produced a significant reduction in Social Distance subscale between pre-treatment and post-treatment and between pre-treatment and 1-month follow-up, and a significant increase between post-treatment and 1-month follow-up, regardless of conditions. With respect to the Attitudes and Disclosure and Help-Seeking subscales, pairwise comparisons produced a significant reduction in scores between pre-treatment and post-treatment and a significant increase between post-treatment and 1-month follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings provide additional evidence that educational lecture on mental illness, coupled with either face-to-face contact or video-based contact, is predictive of positive outcomes in anti-stigma programs targeting future healthcare providers. Springer 2016 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54079/1/Effects%20of%20brief%20psychoeducational%20program%20on%20stigma%20in%20Malaysian.pdf Fernandez, Aaron and Tan, Kit Aun and Knaak, Stephanie and Chew, Boon How and Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina (2016) Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial. Academic Psychiatry, 40 (6). pp. 905-911. ISSN 1042-9670; ESSN: 1545-7230 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40596-016-0592-1 Face-to-face contact; Video-based contact; Stigma 10.1007/s40596-016-0592-1
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
topic Face-to-face contact; Video-based contact; Stigma
spellingShingle Face-to-face contact; Video-based contact; Stigma
Fernandez, Aaron
Tan, Kit Aun
Knaak, Stephanie
Chew, Boon How
Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina
Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
description Objective: If presented with serious mental illness (SMI), individuals’ low help-seeking behaviors and poor adherence to treatment are associated with negative stereotypes and attitudes of healthcare providers. In this study, we examined the effects of a brief psychoeducational program on reducing stigma in pre-clinical medical students. Methods: One hundred and two pre-clinical medical students (20–23 years old) were randomly assigned to face-to-face contact + educational lecture (n = 51) condition or video-based contact + educational lecture (n = 51) condition. Measures of pre-clinical medical students’ mental illness-related stigma using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) were administered at pre-, post-treatment, and 1-month follow-up. Results: A 2 (condition: face-to-face contact + educational lecture, video-based contact + educational lecture) by 3 (time: pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 1-month follow-up) mixed model MANOVA was conducted on the Attitudes, Disclosure and Help-Seeking, and Social Distance OMS-HC subscales. Participants’ scores on all subscales changed significantly across time, regardless of conditions. To determine how participants’ scores changed significantly over time on each subscale, Bonferroni follow-up comparisons were performed to access pairwise differences for the main effect of time. Specifically, pairwise comparisons produced a significant reduction in Social Distance subscale between pre-treatment and post-treatment and between pre-treatment and 1-month follow-up, and a significant increase between post-treatment and 1-month follow-up, regardless of conditions. With respect to the Attitudes and Disclosure and Help-Seeking subscales, pairwise comparisons produced a significant reduction in scores between pre-treatment and post-treatment and a significant increase between post-treatment and 1-month follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings provide additional evidence that educational lecture on mental illness, coupled with either face-to-face contact or video-based contact, is predictive of positive outcomes in anti-stigma programs targeting future healthcare providers.
format Article
author Fernandez, Aaron
Tan, Kit Aun
Knaak, Stephanie
Chew, Boon How
Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina
author_facet Fernandez, Aaron
Tan, Kit Aun
Knaak, Stephanie
Chew, Boon How
Shariff Ghazali, Sazlina
author_sort Fernandez, Aaron
title Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
title_short Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
title_full Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
title_fullStr Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
title_full_unstemmed Effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in Malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
title_sort effects of brief psychoeducational program on stigma in malaysian pre-clinical medical students: a randomized controlled trial
publisher Springer
publishDate 2016
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54079/1/Effects%20of%20brief%20psychoeducational%20program%20on%20stigma%20in%20Malaysian.pdf
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