Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial

Introduction: The risk of development of active TB in HIV-infected individuals is 20–37 times higher than those that are HIV negative. Poor knowledge of TB amongst people living with HIV has been associated with high transmission. Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of a new health education...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim, Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal, Lye, Munn Sann, Mohd Sidik, Sherina, Ibrahim, Normala, Iliyasu, Zubairu, Onyilo, Michael Ochigbo
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Public Library of Science 2018
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59705/1/59705.pdf
id oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:59705
record_format eprints
spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:59705 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59705/ Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal Lye, Munn Sann Mohd Sidik, Sherina Ibrahim, Normala Iliyasu, Zubairu Onyilo, Michael Ochigbo Introduction: The risk of development of active TB in HIV-infected individuals is 20–37 times higher than those that are HIV negative. Poor knowledge of TB amongst people living with HIV has been associated with high transmission. Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of a new health education intervention module in improving knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria. Methods: A randomized control trial was carried out from July 2015 to June 2017. A random number generating program was used to allocate 226 respondents into 2 groups. The intervention group received health education regarding tuberculosis using the developed module. The control group received the normal services provided for HIV patients. Data were collected from December 2015 to September 2016 at baseline, immediate post intervention, three, six and nine months. The outcome measures were knowledge, attitude, and practice. Results: There was no significant difference with respect to socio-demographic characteristics, KAP of the respondents in the intervention and control group at baseline. However, there was significant improvement in knowledge in the intervention group compared to the control group, group main effect (F = (1,218) = 665.889, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.753, d = 5.4); time (F = (3.605, 218) = 52.046, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.193, d = 1.52) and interaction between group with time (F = (3.605, 218) = 34.028, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.135, d = 1.23). Likewise, there was significant improvement in attitude, group main effect (p = 0.001, d = 1.26) and time (p = 0.001, p, d = 0.65). Similarly, there was improvement in practice, group main effect, time, and interaction of group with time (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The health education intervention program was effective in improving KAP regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients. Public Library of Science 2018 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59705/1/59705.pdf Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim and Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal and Lye, Munn Sann and Mohd Sidik, Sherina and Ibrahim, Normala and Iliyasu, Zubairu and Onyilo, Michael Ochigbo (2018) Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial. PLOS ONE, 13 (2). art. no. e0192276. pp. 1-14. ISSN 1932-6203 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0192276 10.1371/journal.pone.0192276
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description Introduction: The risk of development of active TB in HIV-infected individuals is 20–37 times higher than those that are HIV negative. Poor knowledge of TB amongst people living with HIV has been associated with high transmission. Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of a new health education intervention module in improving knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria. Methods: A randomized control trial was carried out from July 2015 to June 2017. A random number generating program was used to allocate 226 respondents into 2 groups. The intervention group received health education regarding tuberculosis using the developed module. The control group received the normal services provided for HIV patients. Data were collected from December 2015 to September 2016 at baseline, immediate post intervention, three, six and nine months. The outcome measures were knowledge, attitude, and practice. Results: There was no significant difference with respect to socio-demographic characteristics, KAP of the respondents in the intervention and control group at baseline. However, there was significant improvement in knowledge in the intervention group compared to the control group, group main effect (F = (1,218) = 665.889, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.753, d = 5.4); time (F = (3.605, 218) = 52.046, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.193, d = 1.52) and interaction between group with time (F = (3.605, 218) = 34.028, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.135, d = 1.23). Likewise, there was significant improvement in attitude, group main effect (p = 0.001, d = 1.26) and time (p = 0.001, p, d = 0.65). Similarly, there was improvement in practice, group main effect, time, and interaction of group with time (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The health education intervention program was effective in improving KAP regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients.
format Article
author Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Lye, Munn Sann
Mohd Sidik, Sherina
Ibrahim, Normala
Iliyasu, Zubairu
Onyilo, Michael Ochigbo
spellingShingle Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Lye, Munn Sann
Mohd Sidik, Sherina
Ibrahim, Normala
Iliyasu, Zubairu
Onyilo, Michael Ochigbo
Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial
author_facet Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Lye, Munn Sann
Mohd Sidik, Sherina
Ibrahim, Normala
Iliyasu, Zubairu
Onyilo, Michael Ochigbo
author_sort Bisallah, Chindo Ibrahim
title Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial
title_short Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial
title_full Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial
title_fullStr Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial
title_full_unstemmed Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – a randomized control trial
title_sort effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding tuberculosis among hiv patients in general hospital minna, nigeria – a randomized control trial
publisher Public Library of Science
publishDate 2018
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59705/1/59705.pdf
_version_ 1698903356164014080
score 12.833586