Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

Background: Cancer is a serious public health problem not only in Malaysia, also worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the determinants of quality of life (QOL) among cancer patients in Peninsular Malaysia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 2120 cancer patients in Pen...

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Main Authors: Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari, Mohd Sidik, Sherina, Periasamy, Ummavathy, Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal, Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah, Mahmud, Rozi
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: BioMed Central 2018
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67255/1/67255.pdf
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spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:67255 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67255/ Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari Mohd Sidik, Sherina Periasamy, Ummavathy Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah Mahmud, Rozi Background: Cancer is a serious public health problem not only in Malaysia, also worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the determinants of quality of life (QOL) among cancer patients in Peninsular Malaysia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 2120 cancer patients in Peninsular Malaysia, between April 2016 to January 2017. All cancer patients aged 18 years old and above, Malaysian citizens and undergoing cancer treatment at government hospitals were approached to participate in this study and requested to complete a set of validated questionnaires. Inferential statistical tests such as t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to determine the differences between demographic variables, physical effects, clinical factors, psychological effects and self-esteem with the quality of life of cancer patients. Predictor(s) of quality of life were determined by using Multivariate linear regression models. Result: A total 1620 out of 2120 cancer patients participated in this study, giving a response rate of 92%. The majority of cancer patients were female 922 (56.9%), Malays 1031 (63.6%), Muslim 1031 (63.6%), received chemotherapy treatment 1483 (91.5%). Overall, 1138 (70.2%) of the patients had depression and 1500 (92.6%) had anxiety. Statistically significant associations were found between QOL and clinical factors, physical side effects of cancer, psychological effects and self-esteem (p < 0.05). However, among socio-demographics only age, race, religion, working status were significantly associated with QOL. Based on the multivariate regression analysis, the main predictors of QOL among cancer patients in Malaysia were age, self-esteem as positive predictors, and Indian race, nausea, fatigue, hair loss, bleeding as negative predictors. Conclusion: The findings of this study provide a scientific basis to develop a comprehensive program for improving quality of life of cancer patients in Malaysia. BioMed Central 2018 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67255/1/67255.pdf Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari and Mohd Sidik, Sherina and Periasamy, Ummavathy and Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal and Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah and Mahmud, Rozi (2018) Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 16. art. no. 163. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1477-7525 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12955-018-0989-5 10.1186/s12955-018-0989-5
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description Background: Cancer is a serious public health problem not only in Malaysia, also worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the determinants of quality of life (QOL) among cancer patients in Peninsular Malaysia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 2120 cancer patients in Peninsular Malaysia, between April 2016 to January 2017. All cancer patients aged 18 years old and above, Malaysian citizens and undergoing cancer treatment at government hospitals were approached to participate in this study and requested to complete a set of validated questionnaires. Inferential statistical tests such as t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to determine the differences between demographic variables, physical effects, clinical factors, psychological effects and self-esteem with the quality of life of cancer patients. Predictor(s) of quality of life were determined by using Multivariate linear regression models. Result: A total 1620 out of 2120 cancer patients participated in this study, giving a response rate of 92%. The majority of cancer patients were female 922 (56.9%), Malays 1031 (63.6%), Muslim 1031 (63.6%), received chemotherapy treatment 1483 (91.5%). Overall, 1138 (70.2%) of the patients had depression and 1500 (92.6%) had anxiety. Statistically significant associations were found between QOL and clinical factors, physical side effects of cancer, psychological effects and self-esteem (p < 0.05). However, among socio-demographics only age, race, religion, working status were significantly associated with QOL. Based on the multivariate regression analysis, the main predictors of QOL among cancer patients in Malaysia were age, self-esteem as positive predictors, and Indian race, nausea, fatigue, hair loss, bleeding as negative predictors. Conclusion: The findings of this study provide a scientific basis to develop a comprehensive program for improving quality of life of cancer patients in Malaysia.
format Article
author Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari
Mohd Sidik, Sherina
Periasamy, Ummavathy
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah
Mahmud, Rozi
spellingShingle Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari
Mohd Sidik, Sherina
Periasamy, Ummavathy
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah
Mahmud, Rozi
Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
author_facet Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari
Mohd Sidik, Sherina
Periasamy, Ummavathy
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah
Mahmud, Rozi
author_sort Zavare, Mehrnoosh Akhtari
title Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
title_short Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
title_full Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
title_fullStr Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
title_full_unstemmed Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
title_sort determinants of quality of life among malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study
publisher BioMed Central
publishDate 2018
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67255/1/67255.pdf
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score 12.833586