Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia

Introduction: This cross-sectional study determines factors associated with the rates of gestational weight gain (GWG) among women in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A total of 180 pregnant women (29.2 ± 4.3 years old) attending the maternal and child health clinics in Batu Pah...

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Main Authors: Woon, Fui Chee, Yu, Min Si, Chin, Yit Siew
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia 2019
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68379/1/2019041008184005_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf
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spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:68379 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68379/ Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia Woon, Fui Chee Yu, Min Si Chin, Yit Siew Introduction: This cross-sectional study determines factors associated with the rates of gestational weight gain (GWG) among women in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A total of 180 pregnant women (29.2 ± 4.3 years old) attending the maternal and child health clinics in Batu Pahat district were enrolled in the present study be-tween January and February, 2015. Information regarding demographic characteristics, obstetrical history, physical activity, and calorie intake was assessed through direct interview. Anthropometric data were collected from medical records. GWG rates were determined based on 2009 IOM recommendations. Results: Of the 180 pregnant women, 37.2% were at their second trimester and 62.8% were at the third trimester of pregnancy. While 53.3% of them had excessive GWG rate, 28.9% have inadequate GWG rate. More than half of the women (56.7%) were normal weight, 21.1% overweight, 14.4% underweight, and 7.8% obese before pregnant. The total mean activity and energy intake of the pregnant women were 195.9±94.2 MET-hour/week and 2365±709 kcal/day, respectively. The multinomial logistic model indicates that women who were overweight or obese at pre-pregnancy were seven times more likely to have excessive GWG rate (OR = 7.44, 95% CI = 2.07-26.66) as compared to women who were pre-pregnancy normal weight. Conclusions: About four in every five of the pregnant women had their GWG rates outside the IOM recommendations. Women who were overweight/obese at pre-pregnancy were at-risk of having excessive GWG rate, which underlines the importance of targeting these women for pre-conception counselling on GWG. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia 2019 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68379/1/2019041008184005_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf Woon, Fui Chee and Yu, Min Si and Chin, Yit Siew (2019) Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 15 (SP1). pp. 33-39. ISSN 1675-8544; ESSN: 2636-9346 http://www.medic.upm.edu.my/upload/dokumen/2019041008184005_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description Introduction: This cross-sectional study determines factors associated with the rates of gestational weight gain (GWG) among women in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A total of 180 pregnant women (29.2 ± 4.3 years old) attending the maternal and child health clinics in Batu Pahat district were enrolled in the present study be-tween January and February, 2015. Information regarding demographic characteristics, obstetrical history, physical activity, and calorie intake was assessed through direct interview. Anthropometric data were collected from medical records. GWG rates were determined based on 2009 IOM recommendations. Results: Of the 180 pregnant women, 37.2% were at their second trimester and 62.8% were at the third trimester of pregnancy. While 53.3% of them had excessive GWG rate, 28.9% have inadequate GWG rate. More than half of the women (56.7%) were normal weight, 21.1% overweight, 14.4% underweight, and 7.8% obese before pregnant. The total mean activity and energy intake of the pregnant women were 195.9±94.2 MET-hour/week and 2365±709 kcal/day, respectively. The multinomial logistic model indicates that women who were overweight or obese at pre-pregnancy were seven times more likely to have excessive GWG rate (OR = 7.44, 95% CI = 2.07-26.66) as compared to women who were pre-pregnancy normal weight. Conclusions: About four in every five of the pregnant women had their GWG rates outside the IOM recommendations. Women who were overweight/obese at pre-pregnancy were at-risk of having excessive GWG rate, which underlines the importance of targeting these women for pre-conception counselling on GWG.
format Article
author Woon, Fui Chee
Yu, Min Si
Chin, Yit Siew
spellingShingle Woon, Fui Chee
Yu, Min Si
Chin, Yit Siew
Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia
author_facet Woon, Fui Chee
Yu, Min Si
Chin, Yit Siew
author_sort Woon, Fui Chee
title Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia
title_short Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia
title_full Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia
title_fullStr Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia
title_full_unstemmed Factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in Batu Pahat district of Johor state, Malaysia
title_sort factors associated with rates of gestational weight gain among pregnant women in batu pahat district of johor state, malaysia
publisher Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
publishDate 2019
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68379/1/2019041008184005_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf
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