Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia

Background: This cross-sectional study aims to determine the association between socio-demographic characteristics, parenting style, and self-esteem among early adolescents. Materials and Methods: A total of 716 early adolescents aged 10–11 years attending primary schools in Selangor state, Malaysia...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Chin, Yit Siew, Woon, Fui Chee
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Community Health Society Malaysia 2018
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/75200/1/Parental%20influences%20on%20self-esteem%20of%20early%20adolescents%20a%20multiracial%20sample%20from%20Selangor%2C%20Malaysia.pdf
id oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:75200
record_format eprints
spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:75200 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/75200/ Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia Chin, Yit Siew Woon, Fui Chee Background: This cross-sectional study aims to determine the association between socio-demographic characteristics, parenting style, and self-esteem among early adolescents. Materials and Methods: A total of 716 early adolescents aged 10–11 years attending primary schools in Selangor state, Malaysia were enrolled in this study. Perceived parenting style and self-esteem were assessed through the self-administered Parenting Characteristics questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, respectively. Pearson’s product-moment correlation and one-way ANOVA were employed to determine the bivariate relationships between socio-demographic characteristics and parenting style with self-esteem. Multiple linear regression analysis was utilized to determine the factors that significantly contributed to self-esteem of the respondents. Result: The results revealed that the predominant parenting style practiced by respondents’ fathers was authoritarian (44.4%), while that by respondents’ mothers was authoritative (38.2%). Ethnicity, paternal parenting style, and maternal parenting style were significantly associated with self-esteem of the respondents in the bivariate analyses. No associations were found between age, gender, paternal and maternal educational level, monthly household income, and self-esteem. Results of the multiple linear regression model demonstrated that being Chinese (β=-0.29), being Indian (β=-0.12), authoritative father (β=0.15), authoritative mother (β=0.16), and permissive mother (β=0.13) were significantly associated with self-esteem among the respondents (R2=0.14). Conclusion: These findings suggest that being Malay, authoritative, and permissive parenting positively influenced the self-esteem of early adolescents. Further research should be conducted to assess the interaction effects between ethnicity and parenting style on self-esteem in early adolescents. Community Health Society Malaysia 2018 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/75200/1/Parental%20influences%20on%20self-esteem%20of%20early%20adolescents%20a%20multiracial%20sample%20from%20Selangor%2C%20Malaysia.pdf Chin, Yit Siew and Woon, Fui Chee (2018) Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences, 5 (6). 345 - 357. ISSN 2289-7577 10.32827/ijphcs.5.6.345
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description Background: This cross-sectional study aims to determine the association between socio-demographic characteristics, parenting style, and self-esteem among early adolescents. Materials and Methods: A total of 716 early adolescents aged 10–11 years attending primary schools in Selangor state, Malaysia were enrolled in this study. Perceived parenting style and self-esteem were assessed through the self-administered Parenting Characteristics questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, respectively. Pearson’s product-moment correlation and one-way ANOVA were employed to determine the bivariate relationships between socio-demographic characteristics and parenting style with self-esteem. Multiple linear regression analysis was utilized to determine the factors that significantly contributed to self-esteem of the respondents. Result: The results revealed that the predominant parenting style practiced by respondents’ fathers was authoritarian (44.4%), while that by respondents’ mothers was authoritative (38.2%). Ethnicity, paternal parenting style, and maternal parenting style were significantly associated with self-esteem of the respondents in the bivariate analyses. No associations were found between age, gender, paternal and maternal educational level, monthly household income, and self-esteem. Results of the multiple linear regression model demonstrated that being Chinese (β=-0.29), being Indian (β=-0.12), authoritative father (β=0.15), authoritative mother (β=0.16), and permissive mother (β=0.13) were significantly associated with self-esteem among the respondents (R2=0.14). Conclusion: These findings suggest that being Malay, authoritative, and permissive parenting positively influenced the self-esteem of early adolescents. Further research should be conducted to assess the interaction effects between ethnicity and parenting style on self-esteem in early adolescents.
format Article
author Chin, Yit Siew
Woon, Fui Chee
spellingShingle Chin, Yit Siew
Woon, Fui Chee
Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia
author_facet Chin, Yit Siew
Woon, Fui Chee
author_sort Chin, Yit Siew
title Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia
title_short Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia
title_full Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia
title_fullStr Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia
title_full_unstemmed Parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from Selangor, Malaysia
title_sort parental influences on self-esteem of early adolescents: a multiracial sample from selangor, malaysia
publisher Community Health Society Malaysia
publishDate 2018
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/75200/1/Parental%20influences%20on%20self-esteem%20of%20early%20adolescents%20a%20multiracial%20sample%20from%20Selangor%2C%20Malaysia.pdf
_version_ 1698904459084562432
score 12.833586