Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children

Introduction: Parents play significant roles in developing the behaviour of their children towards food. However, mothers usually represent the parents of the children in previous studies, while fathers were left out and their contribution remained unknown. This study compared paternal and maternal...

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Main Authors: Leiu, Kok Hong, Chin, Yit Siew
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia 2019
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68376/1/2019041008155001_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf
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spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:68376 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68376/ Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children Leiu, Kok Hong Chin, Yit Siew Introduction: Parents play significant roles in developing the behaviour of their children towards food. However, mothers usually represent the parents of the children in previous studies, while fathers were left out and their contribution remained unknown. This study compared paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between overweight or obese (OW/OB) and normal weight (NW) primary school children. Methods: There were 419 children aged 10 to 11 from four randomly selected national primary schools being screened for their body weight and height. There were 105 children identified as OW/OB and matched with 105 NW children based on sex, age and ethnicity, whose both their parents were then recruited as study subjects. Parents reported their personal body weight and height, and completed a questionnaire on parenting styles and feeding practices. Results: There were 34.9% of children overweight and obese, and more than half of their fathers (66.5%) and mothers (52.5%) were over-weight and obese. Both fathers and mothers of the OW/OB children perceived their children to be slightly heavier, but a majority of them perceived their children’s body weight status less accurately and applied less pressure to eat. Fathers of the OW/OB children were more in the obese category, performed indulgent parenting style, perceived less feeding responsibility and applied less monitoring on their children, but not mothers. Conclusion: There were distinct differences in paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between OW/OB and NW children. Researchers should encourage fathers to involve in childhood obesity research instead of focusing on mothers. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia 2019 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68376/1/2019041008155001_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf Leiu, Kok Hong and Chin, Yit Siew (2019) Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 15 (SP1). pp. 2-9. ISSN 1675-8544; ESSN: 2636-9346 http://www.medic.upm.edu.my/upload/dokumen/2019041008155001_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description Introduction: Parents play significant roles in developing the behaviour of their children towards food. However, mothers usually represent the parents of the children in previous studies, while fathers were left out and their contribution remained unknown. This study compared paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between overweight or obese (OW/OB) and normal weight (NW) primary school children. Methods: There were 419 children aged 10 to 11 from four randomly selected national primary schools being screened for their body weight and height. There were 105 children identified as OW/OB and matched with 105 NW children based on sex, age and ethnicity, whose both their parents were then recruited as study subjects. Parents reported their personal body weight and height, and completed a questionnaire on parenting styles and feeding practices. Results: There were 34.9% of children overweight and obese, and more than half of their fathers (66.5%) and mothers (52.5%) were over-weight and obese. Both fathers and mothers of the OW/OB children perceived their children to be slightly heavier, but a majority of them perceived their children’s body weight status less accurately and applied less pressure to eat. Fathers of the OW/OB children were more in the obese category, performed indulgent parenting style, perceived less feeding responsibility and applied less monitoring on their children, but not mothers. Conclusion: There were distinct differences in paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between OW/OB and NW children. Researchers should encourage fathers to involve in childhood obesity research instead of focusing on mothers.
format Article
author Leiu, Kok Hong
Chin, Yit Siew
spellingShingle Leiu, Kok Hong
Chin, Yit Siew
Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
author_facet Leiu, Kok Hong
Chin, Yit Siew
author_sort Leiu, Kok Hong
title Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
title_short Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
title_full Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
title_fullStr Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
title_full_unstemmed Comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
title_sort comparison of paternal and maternal feeding practices and parenting styles between healthy weight and overweight or obese primary school children
publisher Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
publishDate 2019
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68376/1/2019041008155001_MJMHS_Vol_15_SP1.pdf
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