Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)

Introduction: HIV/AIDS has emerged as a threat causing significant morbidity and mortality in human societies. The aims of this study was to determine knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) and factors associated with HIV/AIDS amongs students in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Methods: A cross-se...

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Main Authors: Rahnama, Rozina, Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal, Lye, Munn Sann, Abdul Rahman, Hejar
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia 2009
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/7727/1/Knowledge%2C%20Attitude%20and%20Practice%20Related.pdf
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spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:7727 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/7727/ Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007) Rahnama, Rozina Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal Lye, Munn Sann Abdul Rahman, Hejar Introduction: HIV/AIDS has emerged as a threat causing significant morbidity and mortality in human societies. The aims of this study was to determine knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) and factors associated with HIV/AIDS amongs students in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in UPM. A two-stage proportionate to size random sampling technique was used. A standardized pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data were analysed using SPSS. Results: The respond rate was 92.3%. The majority (57.3%) of the students were female. The overall mean age of the respondents was 22.5 years (95% CI 22.27-22.70) ranging from 18 years to 52 years. The results show that 91% of the respondents did not know that HIV virus can be killed by bleach; 93.9% stated that pregnant women with HIV virus can give the virus to her unborn baby; 90.2% believed a woman can get HIV if she has unprotected sex with a man; and 93.5% considered that having sex with more than one partner can increase a person’s chance of being infected with HIV virus. The majority (53%) were not willing to care for an HIV infected person in their own house. Only 19.5% of all the students claimed that they will inform their partners or family if diagnosed positive for HIV infection. The majority (93%) approved screening for HIV as a prerequisite for marriage. Only 2.2% of the respondents had multiple sexual partners and 5.4% of the respondents have had sexual intercourse before marriage. About 82.3% of the respondents believed in the used of condom as a means to prevent transmission of HIV. However, of those who were experiencing sexual intercourse with an unmarried partner, only 29.8% used condoms. Conclusion: The level of knowledge related to HIV/AIDS was not satisfactory. It is recommended that a peer educational programme on HIV/AIDS prevention be implemented. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia 2009 Article PeerReviewed application/pdf en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/7727/1/Knowledge%2C%20Attitude%20and%20Practice%20Related.pdf Rahnama, Rozina and Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal and Lye, Munn Sann and Abdul Rahman, Hejar (2009) Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007). Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 5 (2). pp. 27-41. ISSN 1675-8544 http://www.medic.upm.edu.my/dokumen/FKUSK1_MJMHS_2009V05N2_OP04.pdf
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description Introduction: HIV/AIDS has emerged as a threat causing significant morbidity and mortality in human societies. The aims of this study was to determine knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) and factors associated with HIV/AIDS amongs students in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in UPM. A two-stage proportionate to size random sampling technique was used. A standardized pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data were analysed using SPSS. Results: The respond rate was 92.3%. The majority (57.3%) of the students were female. The overall mean age of the respondents was 22.5 years (95% CI 22.27-22.70) ranging from 18 years to 52 years. The results show that 91% of the respondents did not know that HIV virus can be killed by bleach; 93.9% stated that pregnant women with HIV virus can give the virus to her unborn baby; 90.2% believed a woman can get HIV if she has unprotected sex with a man; and 93.5% considered that having sex with more than one partner can increase a person’s chance of being infected with HIV virus. The majority (53%) were not willing to care for an HIV infected person in their own house. Only 19.5% of all the students claimed that they will inform their partners or family if diagnosed positive for HIV infection. The majority (93%) approved screening for HIV as a prerequisite for marriage. Only 2.2% of the respondents had multiple sexual partners and 5.4% of the respondents have had sexual intercourse before marriage. About 82.3% of the respondents believed in the used of condom as a means to prevent transmission of HIV. However, of those who were experiencing sexual intercourse with an unmarried partner, only 29.8% used condoms. Conclusion: The level of knowledge related to HIV/AIDS was not satisfactory. It is recommended that a peer educational programme on HIV/AIDS prevention be implemented.
format Article
author Rahnama, Rozina
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Lye, Munn Sann
Abdul Rahman, Hejar
spellingShingle Rahnama, Rozina
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Lye, Munn Sann
Abdul Rahman, Hejar
Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)
author_facet Rahnama, Rozina
Gyanchand Rampal, Lekhraj Rampal
Lye, Munn Sann
Abdul Rahman, Hejar
author_sort Rahnama, Rozina
title Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)
title_short Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)
title_full Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)
title_fullStr Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)
title_full_unstemmed Knowledge, attitude and practice related to HIV/AIDS among students in a local university (2007)
title_sort knowledge, attitude and practice related to hiv/aids among students in a local university (2007)
publisher Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
publishDate 2009
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/7727/1/Knowledge%2C%20Attitude%20and%20Practice%20Related.pdf
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