Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus

The risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases during the second trimester of pregnancy. However, the role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on GDM risk is controversial. We aimed to determine the association of established risk factors of GDM with GI and GL among heal...

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Main Authors: Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin, Mohd Yusof, Barakatun Nisak, Mohd Shariff, Zalilah, Rejali, Zulida, Yong, Heng Yaw, Mitri, Joanna
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Taylor and Francis 2020
Online Access:http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88965/1/DIET.pdf
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spelling oai:psasir.upm.edu.my:88965 http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88965/ Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin Mohd Yusof, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Shariff, Zalilah Rejali, Zulida Yong, Heng Yaw Mitri, Joanna The risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases during the second trimester of pregnancy. However, the role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on GDM risk is controversial. We aimed to determine the association of established risk factors of GDM with GI and GL among healthy pregnant women, and whether GI and GL were subsequently related to GDM risk. Dietary GI and GL were assessed in healthy pregnant women from the Seremban Cohort Study using a food frequency questionnaire. After adjusting for energy intake, high GI was significantly associated with lower household income, shorter stature, higher proportion of carbohydrate intake, lower sugar proportion and lower fibre intake. High GL was significantly associated with younger maternal age, higher carbohydrate proportion and lower fibre intake. GI and GL intakes were not significantly associated with GDM risk. However, they were associated with a few established risk factors of GDM. Taylor and Francis 2020 Article PeerReviewed text en http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88965/1/DIET.pdf Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin and Mohd Yusof, Barakatun Nisak and Mohd Shariff, Zalilah and Rejali, Zulida and Yong, Heng Yaw and Mitri, Joanna (2020) Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 71 (4). 516 - 524. ISSN 0963-7486; ESSN: 1465-3478 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09637486.2019.1686752?journalCode=iijf20 10.1080/09637486.2019.1686752
institution UPM IR
collection UPM IR
language English
description The risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases during the second trimester of pregnancy. However, the role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on GDM risk is controversial. We aimed to determine the association of established risk factors of GDM with GI and GL among healthy pregnant women, and whether GI and GL were subsequently related to GDM risk. Dietary GI and GL were assessed in healthy pregnant women from the Seremban Cohort Study using a food frequency questionnaire. After adjusting for energy intake, high GI was significantly associated with lower household income, shorter stature, higher proportion of carbohydrate intake, lower sugar proportion and lower fibre intake. High GL was significantly associated with younger maternal age, higher carbohydrate proportion and lower fibre intake. GI and GL intakes were not significantly associated with GDM risk. However, they were associated with a few established risk factors of GDM.
format Article
author Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin
Mohd Yusof, Barakatun Nisak
Mohd Shariff, Zalilah
Rejali, Zulida
Yong, Heng Yaw
Mitri, Joanna
spellingShingle Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin
Mohd Yusof, Barakatun Nisak
Mohd Shariff, Zalilah
Rejali, Zulida
Yong, Heng Yaw
Mitri, Joanna
Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
author_facet Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin
Mohd Yusof, Barakatun Nisak
Mohd Shariff, Zalilah
Rejali, Zulida
Yong, Heng Yaw
Mitri, Joanna
author_sort Hasbullah, Farah Yasmin
title Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
title_short Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
title_full Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
title_fullStr Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
title_full_unstemmed Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
title_sort factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus
publisher Taylor and Francis
publishDate 2020
url http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/88965/1/DIET.pdf
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score 12.933938